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English Detective #41, Holocaust Rescues: a Little Light in the Darkness; July 1,2014
July 01, 2014
There is also some discussion and practice with vocabulary from the readings, immediately below.
Word Clues: This Issue’s Vocabulary:
code, decode, holocaust, refugee, rescue, transport
Notice how these words are used in the readings and practice activities. Then try to use some of them yourself, in a sentence or two.
Word Clue Notes and Practice:
Code and transport are review words from the Academic Word List. Code, rescue, and transport can be used as either nouns or verbs.
A code can be a group of rules or laws. (A city’s building code lists rules builders must follow. The Code of Hammurabi was one of the first organized systems of laws.) A code can also be a system of letters, numbers, symbols, or signals to send messages, often secretly. Computer programming is written in code. At its most basic it is a sequence of 1s and 0s that tell the computer what to do.
To code is to write a message in some kind of code, whether for a computer or for secrecy. Decoding is figuring out the coded message.
The holocaust refers to the millions of Jews killed by the Nazis during World War 2.
A refugee is a person who needs to escape from his or her home area. (The root ‘fug’ means to flee or escape.) Refugees seek refuge or asylum-- a safe place to stay until they can return home (if they ever can.)
To rescue means to save someone from danger. The stories linked below tell how ordinary people found ways to rescue Jewish children and adults before they were sent to concentration camps-- and probable death.
To transport means to move things or people from one place to another. (The root ‘port’ means to carry.)
Practice different forms of these, and related, words by choosing from the list below to fill in the blanks in the next paragraph. (Answers are below “Coming in the next issue.)
decoded, fugitives, imported, porters, refuge, transportation
Who would have guessed that the _________ who carried the products ________ from Europe off the ship and into waiting trucks were criminals? They were _________ from justice who had escaped from their countries just before the police caught them, and found ________ in the _________ industry, moving items from the boats to trucks that would carry the products across the country. Police here would never have caught them except that a detective ________ one of their secret messages to their crime boss.
You can learn more vocabulary related to violence, if you need it, here.
Getting the whole story: reading/listening practice:
This is the story of British stockbroker Nicholas Winton.When he understood the danger to Jewish children after the Germans took over part of Czechoslovakia, he worked tirelessly to arrange transportation and temporary homes for them in Great Britain.
There are many excellent historical sites with more information about the Holocaust and about the few brave individuals who resisted it and sometimes managed to save many lives. A good place to start is the U.S. Holocaust Museum’s rescue stories. This page has links to stories, pictures, and videos, including information on Wallenberg, Schindler, Sugihara, Father Jacques, and the rescue of Danish Jews, below.
My first choice for students (short, fairly simple narratives and a positive outcome) would probably be its link to a Copenhagen site (in English) on the Danish Jews’ escape to Sweden and especially very short stories about the secret codes rescuers used: ”The Code is Apple Crates.”
If you have time, there’s a link at the bottom of that page to another true short story about the way Danish Social Services protected Jewish property until its owners could return. __________________________________
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