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English Detective, #4, Steve Jobs & T. Edison, Jan.14, 2013
January 13, 2013

Steve Jobs & Thomas Edison: Innovation & Tech Words, Jan. 14 2013

Contents

Your First Clue: Vocabulary we’ll Emphasize in this Issue

Week 1: approach, concept, documents, dramatic, encountered, external, features, focus, generation, internal, label, notion, period, proportion, publication, publish, refine, release, vision

Week 2: assistant, colleagues, components, contribution, cooperative, coordination, corporations, devices, impact, incorporated, individual, innovation, legal, maintained, partnership, project, team

If you already know most of the words, work on the ones you aren’t so sure of, or enjoy the readings and take a break from intensive study this week. There will be a whole different group in the new newsletter.

Readings and Practice Activities:(I’ve suggested days for each activity, so you can do a little each day. Feel free to do each activity when it’s best for you.)

(1st Monday): Some background and vocabulary to help with reading Steve Job’s speech.

(Tuesday) Getting the whole story: Steve Job’s Stanford Commencement Address 2005: Doing What You Love.

(Wednesday) Word Detective: Product Design Vocabulary

(Thursday): Adverb Clause and Complex Sentence Practice

(Friday): Teamwork and Design Word Search

2nd week (Monday): Voice of America on Thomas Edison

(Tuesday): Practice with Teamwork and Technology Words

(Wednesday): Another look at Thomas Edison

(Thursday): 8 Traits for Success (comments & a short video)

(Friday) Test your Deductions: Technology Vocabulary Quiz

About this issue:

There’s a lot of reading this week. I hope you will find it as interesting and inspiring as I do. Monday gives some background for Steve Job’s commencement speech on Tuesday. Wednesday you can learn a little more about the Academic Word List words in that speech (plus a couple of related words from the Edison readings).

Thursday test your skill in understanding complex sentences and the use of the subordinate conjunctions that explain the relationship between clauses. (These are used a lot to explain complicated ideas, so it is important to understand what each means!)

Friday of week 1 is a word search puzzle with all this issue’s words. You’ll see some of those words again in the readings on Edison, and in the word practice Tuesday. The reading Monday is much longer-- and easier-- than Wednesday’s. It will give some background that should help you guess some of the less-used words in the second reading. (Don’t worry if you don’t understand it all. Just try to get the main idea, and to learn the important words on the list for this week.)

Half of Tuesday’s practice is putting related words into categories. (Parts of speech.) This should help you extend your vocabulary. The questions are designed to make those changes from verb to noun or adjective more familiar, so it will be easier to understand the differences in usage.

Thursday is an interesting short video following up on what Steve Job said about doing what you love. (A lot of it describes Edison well too!) Friday is a very short quiz reviewing much of this issue’s vocabulary.

Monday: reading preparation

See some background information and an explanation of Jobs' idioms and less-common vocabulary here.

Tuesday: Steve Job’s Stanford Commencement Address 2005.
Click here for his speech.

(Wednesday) Word Detective

Click here for Product Design Vocabulary.

(Thursday)

Click here for Adverb Clause and Complex Sentence Practice

(Friday)

Suggestions for using a word search puzzle to learn vocabulary:

1. Left click this word search to read it online; right click to download to your computer and print it. Circle this issue’s words as you find them. (This is optional-- if you don’t like word searches, go on to the next suggestion.) 2. Mark any of the words you don’t recognize. (Some were in last Tuesday’s reading and Wednesday’s practice; others will be in Monday and Wednesday’s readings.) You might come back to this list on Thursday and see if there are any you still don’t understand.

If you really want to learn them, you could re-read the stories or practice pages to see if you can understand the word in its context. You could also look it up, and consider making a flash card or an entry in your vocabulary notebook. (Suggested entry: the word, a simple definition, and one or two sentences using it from the reading or dictionary-- or try making one up!)
(Right) click here for Teamwork and Design Word Search

and here for the answers.

2nd week (Monday)

Click here for Voice of America on Thomas Edison.
If you have a problem with Monday or Wednesday's links, try on Tuesday's page. (I thought the link problem had been resolved, but I'm not sure it will stay fixed. Tuesday's link to EnglishHints is likely to stay good.)

(Tuesday)

Click here for Practice with Teamwork and Technology Words

(Wednesday)

Click here for another look at Thomas Edison

(Thursday)

I was thinking about personality traits, attitudes, and work habits that Steve Jobs, Thomas Edison, J.K. Rowling & many other successful inventors, scientists, artists, & entrepreneurs have in common. A little internet searching found several interesting blogs and videos about that. This one is very short and clear. It suggests 8 traits at the heart of success: passion, work, focus, push (yourself), ideas, (self) improvement, service, and persistence.

Did you notice that both Jobs and Rowling emphasized many of these same ideas? Passion-- do what you love; persistence (like the old English proverb: “If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again.”), imagination & good ideas, ans concern for others. Both demonstrated, as did Edison, self-discipline-- pushing oneself-- and “good, old-fashioned hard work.”
Click here for the 8 Traits for Success video.

(Friday) Test your Deductions

Click here for the Technology Vocabulary Quiz.

Coming January 28: the roots of English (and of western civilization) in classical Greece and Rome. (The following two issues will trace more of those roots in early and medieval English history, and then in the Renaissance, Shakespeare, & the peak of English power in the 18th and 19th centuries.

In case you missed these: There are several more interesting observations on success and failure in the December 31 issue of English Detective. You can check them out with the link to the back issues page below.
-- Cathy

P.S. If you’re not already getting English Detective, you can start a free subscription by completing the form here.
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