Do you need an organized way to study English online? Without a plan, you could waste a lot of time (and maybe money) before finding the best materials to help you work on your weak areas and reach your goals.
Look through the suggestions here to help you design a personal plan of study. (If you find quite a few, you might want to take a few notes or bookmark this page.)
Start by choosing your level: Beginner to Intermediate (with suggested pages for understanding English grammar, reading and writing help, vocabulary, and idioms), or Advanced (with vocabulary development and practice and writing hints.)
You can reach all the pages in each section of EnglishHints from the navigation bar buttons on the left side of the page or from the sitemap. However, if you are not sure where to start and want a systematic view of what you can find on EnglishHints, follow the suggestions below.
Most pages on EnglishHints.com are written for High Beginner, Intermediate, or Advanced English learners. For suggestions on free online basic English courses, see Learn English free. If you know the sounds of English letters and can read a little English, you could also try The Verb to Be, Present Tense Verbs, and Easy Reading Books for ESL Beginners.
For listening practice, an excellent site is Randall’s Listening Lab, as well as his other sites (listed on the upper right on that page.) You can find some suggestions for talking in English in English Conversation Practice.
To study or review how English is put together, look at the two study styles below and choose which is best for you.
1. Some people learn best by listening and then using what they hear. They want just the basic, most necessary explanations, and then examples and practice.
2. Others like to understand the way a language is put together, or need details about how to use a certain structure properly.
If you work better by learning just the basics and then studying lots of examples, read English Grammar Lessons and English Verb Tenses, and then study the following pages for whichever tense you need to practice, especially their examples showing how to use each form:
You could also just try the practices above, and if you have problems in any area review only those pages.
If you want to understand the details about a particular structure (learning style 2), in addition to the pages above also look over
Intermediates will also need to use the perfect tenses as well as sentences with clauses and conditionals. Review any of these pages for structures you need:
Reading is one of the best ways to improve your English, as well as to learn new vocabulary. ESL Reading, English Reading Comprehension Strategies, and Improve Your English Skills each give important suggestions if yu would like to understand what you read better.
English Vowels, Vowel Digraphs, ESL Phonics, and Consonant Digraphs discuss the way the sounds of English are written, to help you pronounce what you read (or guess words you have heard but not read before.)
If you just need to read more in English, Finding English Reading Materials and Online Reading suggest some fairly easy reading sources. There are a lot more, as well as quizzes and comprehension checks in Reading Strategies Practice and Listening and Reading Comprehension Exercises. (There are also a lot of interesting readings, some with audio or video, in the English Detective newsletter. See the Back issues page.)
See Learn English
Vocabulary and Effective Vocabulary Strategies for help with increasing your
vocabulary (in addition to reading a lot.) Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes and
its linked root pages, List of Prefixes, Negative Prefix List, and List of
Suffixes give you the pieces that combine to make many words. Word Families
(with its two practice pages-- page bottom) demonstrates how these pieces are put together to
form different parts of speech.
Learn some of the most common idioms with Common Idioms and the four pages of Idiom lists it links to. Also look at Phrasal Verbs— very common 2 or 3-word verbs like get along with, get up, look out, turn on, and turn off that mean something different than their individual parts.
Once you have studied some of these idioms, try some practice exercises on the Idioms Worksheet to check your understanding, as well as two Concentration Games practicing the meaning of the most common phrasal verbs.
Concentrate on vocabulary development-- the prefix and suffix pages mentioned above and more:
Understanding the News in English and News Vocabulary give some vocabulary and hints that can help you read online news reporting and commentary, a useful way to improve your English and get a better understanding of the English-speaking world and its perspective.
Academic Vocabulary is needed not only for university study and tests but for business and professional communication. The English Detective newsletter, especially through issue #33 (and the Academic Vocabulary List pages that summarize the readings and practices of each issue through #23), all the Vocabulary Games, and the Academic Vocabulary section of Learn English Vocabulary are all designed to help you learn and practice the Academic Word List, 570 of the most common words in academic and professional environments.
It’s also important to understand English writing conventions.
If your grammar skills need brushing up, review
You might also want to review reading or listening skills:
You should start with the official pages for the test you want to take. (See English Language Test Prep, which also offers many study tips.) Plan your test preparation according to the time you have before the test.
* If you have 3-6 months, read and write a little in English every day you can, and take practice tests every week or two. English Language Test Prep (above) has a number of comprehension tests that give good test prep practice.
I would also recommend looking through the Academic Word List and learning any words you have time for, especially from the early levels. Most important of all: Writing Test Vocabulary-- the words like analyze, explain, demonstrate, and describe that tell you what to do on a writing (or reading) test. Other pages that teach a lot of the most important academic vocabulary include Scientific Method Vocabulary, Be a Word Detective, Adjective Opposite Matching Games, and Social Change Vocabulary.
If you use the Alphabetic Academic Word List Vocabulary pages (5 pages with links from this A-B page), you can see a newsletter number after each word. Then you can check the Back Issues page (or the Academic Vocabulary Word Lists 1-4, that give practices for each newsletter issue) for readings and practice for that word.
* If you have less than 2 months, concentrate on practice tests (especially the ones on the official test site) and your weakest skills.
* The week before the test, make sure you have good directions to the test site, your ticket and needed supplies. Take a last practice test or so, keep reading English when you can, and make sure to get a good night’s rest before the test.
If you need to study English online for business, good reading (and listening) sources include (among many others) BBC business English, and if you are able to, the Wall Street Journal or the Economist.
Many of the academic vocabulary and writing pages listed in the Advanced section above (as well as grammar pages if you need a review) may also help if you need to make reports or presentations.
If you're a health professional, there are some very helpful resources for vocabulary and especially for medical communication on the Medical English page, in Medical Vocabulary, and in the newsletter Back Issues, especially issues #23-24 and 33-36.