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English Detective #25, Choices-- and how choices make heroes: Nov. 5,2013
November 05, 2013
Your First Clue: Vocabulary we’ll Emphasize in this Issue
Review vocabulary: assumption, encounter, expose, generation, immigrate, impose, individual, interpret, label, options, paradigm, participants, reluctant.
New meanings for AWL words we have already studied:
To issue can mean to formally give out visas or other government documents, etc.
Transit visas are temporary permits to pass through a country on the way to somewhere else
A few notes about the vocabulary:
Encounter can be to find, to meet, to come across-- all without planning or looking for someone or something.
We can use the word 'individual' as a noun to mean 'person,' but it emphasizes the uniqueness of each person-- that we are not all the same. It is also an adjective meaning distinct or different: "How many individual puzzle pieces are there?"= how many separate or different pieces? Individuality is what makes a person unique-- personality traits that are only found in that particular combination in one particular person.
To Label is to describe or classify something-- to say what kind of thing (or person) it, he, or she is. A label is a piece of paper, cloth, or other material attached to something and providing information about it. Clothing labels may give the type of fabric, the manufacturer, or care instructions. Medication labels give the name of the medicine, dosage instructions, and cautions. In the U.S. Processed foods in cans or packages must have labels giving the weight and the ingredients, as well as some nutritional information.
Reluctance means a person would prefer not to do something. It is not refusing or saying no, but doing something without enthusiasm
Read this paragraph for a quick vocabulary review:
Individuals often immigrate to new countries because they want better opportunities-- new options in life-- for their children and grandchildren and the generations following. Immigration is not easy. Immigrants will encounter new problems and need to adapt to very different environments. They may need to learn a new language-- or ask their children to interpret for them. They will be exposed to new foods and participate in new kinds of work and social interaction, but more than that, they will be exposed to different ways of thinking. Their new neighbors will challenge them to exchange their old assumptions-- even the paradigms they grew up with -- for a completely new way of looking at things. Those who are reluctant to change should not even consider immigration.
Word Family Investigator: Ponere (component, dispose, exposure, positive, and more)
Study and practice the Latin root ponere.
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Coming in the next issue: Optimism: “Look on the Bright Side”
In case you missed these: Earlier issues of English Detective have articles on a number of topics, plus practice with all 570 words from the Academic Word List. You can check them out with the link to the back issues page below (or find what words were practiced each issue here.
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