Common Idioms List, T-Z
This idioms list gives the meanings of common English idioms beginning with 'T'. and their definitions. For the other idioms, see List of Idioms A-F, List of Idiom Definitions G-L, and Idiom Meanings List M-S.
Idioms List: Take
- To take advantage of is to use a person or situation for one’s own benefit, often without his or her knowledge or approval.
- To take after is to resemble a parent or other
relative in character or behavior. (“Johnny takes after his grandpa:
just as stubborn and hard-nosed!”)
- To take apart is to separate or disassemble something. (“Joe took the clock apart, but he couldn’t put the pieces together again.”)
- To take away can mean to subtract one number from another, or to remove something form a place, or take something from a person. A "take away" is something you have learned or gained from an experience.
- To take back is to return something, or
sometimes to withdraw or change a comment. (“I take back what I said
about your driving. You handled that traffic today really well, without
letting it get ‘under your skin.’”)
- To take for granted is to not appreciate a privilege. (Sue takes her good health for granted. She thinks she’ll always have it, even if she doesn’t take care of herself.”)
- To take in someone usually means to deceive him (or her), though it can mean to bring him into one's home and take care of (care for) him.
- To take into account means to be sure to consider something: “Remember to take the new sales tax into account when you set the prices on these products.”
- To take it easy means to relax.
- To take off can mean to remove clothing (“He
took off his jacket”) or it can refer to a plane leaving the ground
(“Fasten your seatbelts to prepare for takeoff.”)
- To take on a project is to make a commitment that you will do it.
- To take out is to carry something outside: take food home from a restaurant or take the trash out to throw it away. It can also be used to take a person out, for example, to a restaurant or on a date.
- To take over
something is to take control of it. After World War 2 the Soviet Union
took over much of eastern Europe. When a company takes over a business
it becomes part of it.
Idioms List: Tell-Watch Out
- To tell apart is to recognize the difference between similar things or people. (“I can’t tell those twins apart. Which one is Sue?”)
- To think about is the most common way to speak about whatever is on our minds. ("Are you still thinking about the test you took yesterday?") In modern English we say 'think about', NOT 'think on' a subject.
- To think of something is to bring it to mind-- to have a new idea or remember something you already knew. ("Oh! I just thought of a better way to do that/make those cookies/fix that problem"-- whatever the speaker and his listener had been working on.)
- To think over is to consider an idea-- usually
more carefully than just to think about it. (“That’s our offer. Think
it over and call us Monday.”)
- To think up something is to come up with a new idea. It's similar to 'think of,' but less common except when planning some kind of joke, plot, or scheme
- To throw away (or throw out) is to dispose of something worthless, usually by putting it into a trash container.
- To try on clothing means to put it on before buying it to see if it fits.
- To turn down means to reduce the setting on an
electronic device for volume or temperature control. (“Turn down the
TV!”) It can also mean to politely refuse an invitation. (“I’d love to
go to the party with you, but I promised I would babysit, so I’ll have
to turn you down this time.”)
- To turn off is to move a switch or lever to
stop the flow of water, electricity, or gas. (“Turn off the stove as
soon as you finish cooking!” “Turn off unused lights to reduce your
electricity bill.”) This can also be used metaphorically to describe
something that disgusts a person. (“When he acts so superior, it really
turns me off!”)
- To turn on is to move a switch or lever to
start the flow of water, electricity, or gas. (It can also be used
metaphorically to describe something or someone that causes sexual
excitement: “You really turn me on!” This is a slang expression and
could be offensive.)
- To turn out (often) means the way a story finishes. (“So what happened to Julie? Did the romance turn out OK in the end?”)
- To turn up can mean to increase the volume or
temperature setting (see turn down.) It can also mean to appear
unexpectedly. (“Joe turns up at any party where there is free food!” See
‘show up’-- they can be used the same way.)
- To use up
means to finish or exhaust the supply of something. (“I can’t make a cake. Mary used up all the eggs!” See ‘run out of.’)
- To wake up
means to return from sleep to full consciousness.
- To watch out
is to be careful (to look out.) (“Watch out for that car behind you!”)
To see sample conversations using these and other idioms, and to practice with them, go to Idiom Examples and
To practice matching some of these idioms with their meanings, go to Concentration Games for Idioms. English Club has a good reference list of phrasal verb idioms.
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