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English Detective #27, Better Work Through Better Motivation: December 3, 2013
December 02, 2013
What motivates you, or makes you want to do your very best? Two researchers discuss recent experiments on work and motivation. Their findings go against what a lot of employers assume. Making changes based on their findings could lead to a big increase in productivity, as well as in happiness.
Your First Clue: Vocabulary we’ll Emphasize in this Issue
Review (AWL) vocabulary: attach, automatic, confirm, incentive, intelligent, intrinsic, motivation, norms, ratio, retain, reverse, stress, trend.
New words (not on the Academic Word List): autonomy, extrinsic, mismatch, performance.
Notice how these words are used in the readings and practice activities. Then try to use some of them yourself, in a sentence or two. See if you recognize them when you read them again.
For ‘automatic’ and ‘autonomy’ see Word Family Investigator below.
Word Family Investigator:
‘Auto’ is Greek for ‘self.’ A number of words in English start with auto, including autocrat (ruling alone, by oneself), autograph (writing something oneself), automobile (a vehicle able to move by itself.)
To automate something is to cause it to work by itself, so automation is producing machines that don’t need people to control or guide them. We talk about automatic weapons, that don’t need to be re-loaded before firing again, and automatic vehicles, that shift gears by themselves. When something is a habit, we may do it automatically— without thinking about it.
Autonomy is independence (literally living by one’s own law.) The autonomic nervous system is the part of the nervous system that functions without conscious thought and regulates things like breathing and heartbeat.
“Thinking outside the box” means considering things that are not obvious and finding unexpected connections. It involves right-brain, creative thinking, not logical analysis.
A “knock out” is a complete victory, leaving no doubt. It comes from boxing. If a boxer can “knock” his opponent “out” (hit him so hard he becomes unconscious), he wins immediately.
For more on both expressions, see the comprehension test mentioned at the beginning of this newsletter.
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Coming in the next issue: How our Brains Process Language
In case you missed these: Earlier issues of English Detective have articles on a number of topics, plus practice with all 570 words from the Academic Word List. You can check them out with the link to the back issues page below (or find what words were practiced each issue here. or here for the most recent issues.
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