Practice these important research and scientific words (studied in issues 9 and 10 of English Detective) by choosing the right word in each of the following exercises. (if you would rather work from a printed copy, click here for the pdf version of this quiz (slightly different, due to the requirements of the interactive gap-fill) and its answers.
This is actually a group game, but you can play it by yourself. The usual rules are to decide which one of four words is odd or different from the others and explain why. (The game is often made more complicated because there are several possible ways to decide which three fit together in a category.
For example, if the words are strawberry, lemon, apple, and sweet potato, you could say lemon is the odd one because the others are sweet. Someone else might choose sweet potato, because the others are fruits. It’s valuable English practice to have to think about and explain different possible categories.)
For this quiz, the game is simple. Each group has three synonyms with similar meanings and one antonym (a meaning that is the opposite or close to opposite of the others.) So choose the antonym as the odd one to take out of the group.
1. acknowledge, confess, deny, admit
2. notice, focus on, pay attention to, ignore
3. indicate, conceal, show, point out
4. instruct, teach, learn, educate
5. presume, verify, investigate, examine
6. criticize, promote, oppose, undermine
7. quote, paraphrase, reword, restate
8. restore, destroy, rebuild, update
9. undergo, avoid, miss, escape
10.knowledgeable, informed, aware, ignorant
11.participating, engaged, observing, involved
12.adult, childish, full-grown, mature
13.voluntary, optional, required, elective
14.odd, normal, unusual, strange
15.random, chance, planned, unpredictable
16.temporary, permanent, lasting, enduring
17.primary, secondary, principal, first
18.relevant, connected, topical, unrelated
19.subsequently, initially, previously, beforehand
20.outcome, result, input, product
Instructions: Fill in the gaps (blanks) with the words above the paragraphs. Use the sample paragraph below as an example. (If you need help, you can click on the question mark (?) to get the first letter of the word, but it will take away points.) Click "check" when you are done.
arbitrary, formulas, grade, participation, principles
Some instructors have complicated formulas for deciding on the grades they will give each student. They may give 10% credit for class participation, 15% for homework completion, 25% for a research paper, 25% for periodic quizzes and tests, and 25% for the final exam. In the U.S. students expect grading to be based on fixed principles, not on a teacher’s personal feelings about a student or some other arbitrary standard.
Now You Try It:
acknowledge, commitments, implications, indicated, outcomes, predictions, rational, validity, whereby
(For more information or other similar games to practice word groupings and synonyms, see Odd One Out.)