Much of our English ‘sense vocabulary’ comes from Latin roots (via French), although our most common words (seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, etc.) have Anglo-Saxon roots.
Take a look at these lists of words from Latin roots, then see how many you know or can guess in the interactive matching game below. (As an example, to be circumspect is to be cautious and avoid risks-- to 'look around carefully' before acting.)
(If you prefer to do the matching from a pdf offline, right click here, then choose 'save as...' to download it.)
Evidence, evidently, improvident, improvise, invisible, provide, providence, provision, review, revise, revision, supervise, supervision, supervisor, supervisory, video, view, visible, visibility, visibly, vision, visionary, visual, visualize, visualization, visually. (View and review originally come from videre but were altered more by French than some of the other words.)
Aspect, circumspect, inspect, inspection, inspector, perspective, prospect, prospective, prospector, spectacle, spectacles, spectacular, spectacularly, spectator, suspect, suspicion, suspicious.
Audible, audience, audio, audiology, audition, auditorium, auditory, inaudible.
Attain, attainable, contact, intact, intangible, tactile, tangible, unattainable.
(Intct and intangible are both negatives, but 'intact' means untouched-- undamaged. Intangible means something we cannot 'touch' with the senses-- something that is not physical, but intellectual, moral, spiritual, etc.
‘To sense’ is to ‘feel’ in the sense of to ‘recognize the presence of’ something. (“I sense a change in the atmosphere.”) As a noun, a ‘sense’ refers to one of the five senses, as in “my sense of smell is weak.” ‘Sense’ may also mean ‘meaning’ (see the first sentence of this paragraph), or ‘good judgment’ (‘common sense.’)
Common related words: insensitive, sense, sensation, sensational, sensibility, sensible, sensitive, sensitivity, sensor, sensory, sensual, sensuality, unsensational.
Sensible originally meant capable of feeling, but over time that changed to ‘reasonable’, even ‘wise.' It is now a false cognate of the Spanish ‘sensible,’ which has kept the meaning of ‘sensitive’ or ‘perceptive.’ ‘Sensibility’ has also kept that sense. So has 'insensible,' which means unconscious, unaware, or even incapable of sensation.
So someone who is sensitive reacts easily or strongly to what she or he feels or senses and may be easily hurt or easily moved by the suffering of others. A sensible person usually doesn't react as quickly.
Note the prefixes ‘in’ and ‘un.’ ‘In’ can mean into/inside/within. That’s its meaning in ‘inspect’ (to look into), ‘incline’ (to lean in toward something) or ‘inherent’ (to be inside something, a basic part of its nature.)
More commonly as a prefix ‘in’ (or ‘im’ before an ‘m’ or a ‘p’) means ‘not’: improvident (not careful to provide for the future), improvise (to make adjustments for unforeseen, unexpected events), inaudible, insensitive, intact (untouched or undamaged), intangible, invisible.
‘Un’ also means ‘not.’ It has Anglo-Saxon roots rather than Latin, but is also used with words from Latin roots like the two above. Most words have a preferred prefix, and you need to learn them to sound right to native speakers. So we say ‘unattainable’ or ‘unspectacular’ (or unexpected and unforeseen), NOT ‘inattainable,’ (my spell-checker red-lined that!) etc.-- but we also never say ‘unvisible.’ Only a few words can use either. (If in doubt, use your dictionary.)
Match the words on the right to the sentences on the left. The first one is done for you.