Climate Change & Weather Vocabulary 

You need to to understand climate change and weather vocabulary if you want to read the news in English or participate in serious discussions about science, politics, or human affairs. The reading selections and practice activities below will give you the vocabulary you need.

These short, mostly simple articles explain the basic concepts of weather and climate change, and give you the vocabulary to talk about it.

Each time you read a new word you get a little better understanding of how and when it is used. That's why reading a number of different perspectives on the same subject helps you learn vocabulary. 

To remember these new words you need to do something with them. When you put them into groups, associate them with words you already know, or match words and meanings, your memory forms lasting connections. 

4 images of climate change (drought, flooding, a smokestack, and a map of the earth with a hot orange and brown background

Basic Information on Weather & Climate Change

Background: some effects of climate change.  

Key vocabulary for understanding weather, climate, and global warming.  

Here’s an example of a context clue (explaining precipitation) and another page with definition (as well as a clear illustration) of drought.  

This article discusses areas of certainly (climate change is happening, and human activities are pushing it) and of disagreement (how much? how fast? is it reversible?) among climate scientists.

Adapting to Climate Change

Compare this article with the pictures and ideas in this TED talk. Are they saying the same thing? It’s great English practice if you can summarize three key thoughts from the TED talk or the article.  

Voice of American (Learning English) News added an article on scientist worries about possibly reduced progress on climate change after the 2016 American election. They also have a useful glossary explaining less common words in the article.

Practice Climate Change & Weather Vocabulary

Now that you have seen examples of how these words are used, it’s time to practice them. One way to practice vocabulary is to group words into categories. Which of the words listed below are related to weather? Which are causes of climate change? Which are effects? Which ones are verbs? (Some of those can also be nouns.) Some words will be on two lists.

Don’t stress over this. Treat it as a game—making connections that will help you remember any new words.

adapt, affect, climate change, drought, emissions, flooding, fossil fuels, global warming, greenhouse gases, hurricanes, impact, increase, precipitation, reduce, storms, temperature                                                   

Weather Vocabulary



Effects of C.C.



Causes of Climate Change



Verbs



The answers are at the bottom of the page, but please don’t look until you have tried to list them yourself.

Match Climate Change Vocabulary & Meanings

adapt, affect, consequences, drought, emissions, flooding, fossil fuels, global, greenhouse gases, hurricanes, impact, increase, precipitation, reduce, region, temperature

Match the words in the vocabulary list above to their meanings (You can just write the letter and then the word on a piece of paper, to check when you finish):

A. major tropical storms,  

B. effects of an action, 

C. rain & snow 

D. an area or part of a country or of the world

E. to make needed changes to adjust to changing conditions

F. water suddenly covering areas that are usually dry land 

G. get bigger

H. make smaller

I. gases or chemicals released into the atmosphere

J. make a difference (to something or someone)

K. extended dry period

L. energy sources like petroleum, coal, and gas 

M. relating to the whole earth

N. a major effect

O. a measure of how hot or cold something is

P. gases like CO2 and methane that trap heat and contribute to global warming

Climate Change & Weather Vocabulary Answers

Weather Vocabulary

drought 

flooding  

hurricanes 

precipitation  

storms 

temperature

Causes of Climate Change

(gas) emissions 

fossil fuels 

(global warming)

greenhouse gasses

 Effects of C.C.   

drought

flooding

hurricanes

storms

(also rising sea levels-- not on vocab. list)

Verbs

adapt

affect

impact

increase

reduce

(impact and increase can also be nouns.)

(Don’t worry if your list is not quite the same a mine. This is not a right-or-wrong exercise, but a chance to think about the relationships between words—which is one of the best ways to add new words to your personal vocabulary—by relating them to words you already know.)

Matching Answers 

A. hurricanes- major tropical storms,  

B. consequences (or impacts) -effects of an action, 

C. precipitation- rain & snow 

D. region- an area or part of a country or of the world

E. adapt- to make needed changes to adjust to changing conditions

F. flooding- water suddenly covering areas that are usually dry land 

G. increase- get bigger

H. reduce- make smaller

I. emissions- gases or chemicals released into the atmosphere

J. affect- make a difference (to something or someone)

K. drought- extended dry period

L. fossil fuels- energy sources like petroleum, coal, and gas 

M. global- relating to the whole earth

N. impact – a major effect

O. temperature- a measure of how hot or cold something is

P. greenhouse gases- gases like CO2 and methane that trap heat and contribute to global warming

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If you are interested in reading or practicing some more difficult vocabulary related to climate change, see the gapfill exercises in Disaster Assistance Vocabulary Exercises and Conservation Terminology (on global warming).

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