These concentration games will help you practice the meanings of some very common phrasal verb idioms, as well as words from important Latin roots and irregular past tense verbs.
They're also called memory games. You need to remember the locations of cards you have already turned over so you can find them again when you turn over the matching card.
Concentration (also called Memory) is a card game in which a player or players try to match pairs of cards.
All the cards (in this case 12) are laid out, face down, in rows.Players take turns turning over two cards, trying to get a match.
If the cards do not match, they are turned back over and the next player takes a turn.
All players concentrate on remembering the position of each card, so that when they see its match, they can turn both over on their next turn, winning that pair of cards.
The game is over when all cards have been matched. The player with the most matches wins.
You can also play these games alone, trying to match the cards faster than in your previous games. If you’re still not really sure of all the matches, play again and again, until you are completely comfortable with their meanings.
As a bonus, these games are excellent memory and “brain training.”
Idioms are groups of words that do not mean the same thing as the individual words put together. Some of our most common idioms are phrasal verbs-- a verb followed by one or more prepositions (technically particles), used to express a single thought.
For example, you can turn a radio or a stove burner or the air conditioning on, off, up, or down. To turn it on is to start the electricity or gas running. To turn it off is to stop the flow of electricity. To turn up the volume (or the heat, or the A.C.) is to increase it, and to turn it down is to reduce it.
English is rich in synonyms-- words that have very similar meanings. In conversation we almost always choose the shorter (Anglo-Saxon-based) words rather than the longer French/Latin ones.
This is true even when we need to add prepositions to the short words. You won’t hear someone say, “Please increase the volume of the TV; I can’t hear it well.” They’ll probably shout, “Turn up the TV!”
For Concentration Game 1 using phrasal verbs early in the alphabet, click here.
Click here for Game 2 (phrasal verbs from the 2nd page.)
EnglishHints has three more memory games for practicing the meanings of words made from various Latin root and prefix combinations. See Memory Game 1 (Acquire a Quest?) for practicing roots from the Latin verb quaerere: require, inquisitive, quest, etc.
There are also three games for matching the irregular pasts with the main present tense (and infinitive) form of 17 important irregular verbs in English.
The verb 'to be' has two matches: am/is with was and are with were). Other verbs practiced are do, get, go, have (all in irregular verb game 1), eat, make, say, see, take, tell (game 2), and buy, find, give, know, leave, and think (game 3.).
Each game also links to a mobile version, with 2 rows of six cards rather than 3 rows of four cards, for phones that cannot fit in all four rows. (If you can fit them all in landscape mode, the regular games are probably easier to play than the mobile.)
Several of these games can be downloaded as inexpensive printable pdfs if you want to play them offline. (Print on regular paper or cardstock, in color or grayscale.) See Print & Play ESL Classroom Games. for the irregular verb games, or Root & Suffix Worksheets for the word root games.)
You can also make similar cards yourself, but if you share them, please give credit to EnglishHints. (The card matches and meanings are under copyright, but you have my permission to use them as long as you give credit and don't sell them. If you design your own set and your own matching meanings, you're free to do whatever you want, of course.)
For more memory work-outs, see Games of Memory for Kids These games are designed for children, but they're good for stretching adult memories too.
They are mostly picture to picture matching, but will be good vocabulary practice for Beginners if you say the name of each item as soon as you see the picture. (In coins, you’d say “one dime” or “three pennies,” etc.)
Enjoy the mental work-out you get from these memory and concentration games!